Psoriasis is an autoimmune health condition with symptoms that are easily visible such as dryness, redness, and peeling of the skin. It is generally known that these symptoms are the result of chronic inflammation. However, not many people are aware that psoriasis causes systemic inflammation, which means the inflammation affects not only the skin but also the internal organs of the body. This can eventually lead to other health complications.
Psoriatic arthritis is one of the most common conditions linked to psoriasis. The symptoms include swollen and stiff joints with severe pain. Early onset of psoriatic arthritis is usually indicated by symptoms such as red or swollen joints along the spine, fingers, and elbows.
The metabolic syndrome results from elevated blood sugar levels, high blood pressure, and high levels of body fat and cholesterol. This syndrome further increases the risk of health conditions related to the heart and type 2 diabetes.
Cardiovascular disease or heart-related conditions include heart stroke, arrhythmia, heart failure, and problems related to the valves of the heart. It is estimated that those with psoriasis have twice the risk of developing cardiovascular complications. However, the risk increases for those who have been diagnosed with metabolic syndrome in the past as a result of psoriasis.
Anxiety and depression
Psoriasis affects the most visible organ of the body, which is the skin. The severe skin lesions, skin dryness, itchiness, and recurrent periods of inflammatory flare-ups can often prevent those with psoriasis from living a full life and lead to isolation. The inability to participate completely in social, personal, or professional activities can increase the risk of anxiety and depression.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are caused due to inflammation. In some cases, the same type of inflammation may result in psoriasis and IBD, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Thus these health conditions are often linked to psoriasis. These affect the gastrointestinal tract and can cause digestive problems.
Uveitis is caused by the inflammation in the middle layer of tissues present in the eye wall, which is also called the uvea. The inflammation due to psoriasis that affects the skin cells can also have an impact on the sensitive tissues of the eyes. The common symptoms of this condition are redness in the eyes, blurred vision, and pain.