Period cramps are a result of uterine muscles contracting to shed tissue. The contraction momentarily cuts off the oxygen supply to the uterus, which releases the chemicals that cause pain. Women all around the world face varying degrees of period cramps that interfere with their ability to function normally. But eating certain types of foods and drinks can reduce the pain and provide more comfort during that time of the month.
Hydration is said to help alleviate period pain. A study showed that women who drank more water used fewer painkillers and reported less severe cramps.
Turmeric added to milk has traditionally been used by many cultures to relieve PMS symptoms and regularize periods. This anti-inflammatory spice stimulates blood flow in the pelvic region and has an antispasmodic effect.
Bananas are rich in fiber and magnesium, easy to digest and help regulate bowel movement. They can help one feel less bloated and reduce the severity of cramps.
A powerhouse of vitamin C and antioxidants, oranges can reduce menstrual cramps. The fruit also has a high water content, thus helping with hydration.
Fish is a good source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and iron. All of these nutrients minimize menstruation discomfort and help improve mood.
Warm ginger tea has anti-inflammatory properties that soothe muscle aches and reduce the sensation of nausea, bloating, and vomiting.
The antispasmodic properties of hot chamomile tea can ease muscle spasms and soothe one’s nervous system.
Rich in anti-inflammatory fats, magnesium and potassium, avocados are a cramping superfood that also provide essential nutrients to keep one’s energy levels up.
Dark chocolate is rich in antioxidants, fiber, iron, zinc, magnesium, and potassium. Along with providing energy, it also alleviates pain and controls cravings.
Eggs are another superfood packed with nutrients that lessen menstruation pain and prolong the feeling of fullness.
Probiotic-rich yogurt has been shown to nourish the body and shield one from vaginal infections during periods.
Fennel seeds are anti-inflammatory. When mixed with ginger powder and warm water, these seeds can work to relieve pain.
These remedies can also help one to relieve pain after an endometrial biopsy, which is done to examine the lining of the uterus or irregular vaginal bleeding following menopause or in between menstrual cycles. The procedure may lead to period cramps in the lower area of the abdomen for a few days.
During extreme menstrual bleeding, menstrual pain, or cramps, doctors may recommend Mirena. While Mirena is a hormonal intrauterine device for long-term birth control, it also has non-contraceptive benefits.